NATIONAL: All states adopt the National Quality Framework: Education and Care Services National Law
Western Australia became the final state to adopt the Education and Care Services National Law in July 2012. This law prohibits corporal punishment in alternative care settings, including preschools, after-school-care and day-care centres. This law does not, however, apply to schools, foster homes or care services provided at the child’s home, which are all governed by state specific legislation.
NATIONAL: The Royal Australasian College of Physicians release brochure on alternative discipline techniques
To accompany their position statement calling for the prohibition of physical punishment of children, the Royal Australasian College of Physicians has released a brochure providing parents with information on alternative, positive methods of disciplining their children. 
Areas lacking progress
NATIONAL: Corporal punishment remains lawful in homes
It is legal in all jurisdictions for parents to use ‘reasonable’ physical punishment in order to discipline their child. Subjecting a child to violence as a form of punishment, however mild or severe, has consistently been criticised for breaching human rights, being ineffective, or at least no more effective than positive disciplinary methods, and for having adverse effects on a child’s behavioural and emotional health.  Despite this, physical punishment by parents remains a lawful practice and ‘reasonable chastisement’ remains a defence for a parent, or a person acting in place of a parent, who is charged with assault of a child. 
QLD, NT, SA, WA: Lawful corporal punishment in schools
Corporal punishment is lawful in schools in Queensland (QLD), the Northern Territory (NT) and Southern Australia (SA) and in private schools in Western Australia (WA).  In practice, corporal punishment in most schools in these jurisdictions is banned through education policies and other decisions.  Nevertheless, there remain reports of a few private schools in WA and QLD who continue to include corporal punishment as a possible disciplinary method. 
WA: Corporal punishment in detention centres
Corporal punishment as a disciplinary measure is not prohibited in detention centres in Western Australia .  It is also not expressly prohibited in detention centres in the ACT, although it is also not expressly permitted under the Children and Young People Act 2008. 
NATIONAL: Awareness of the effects of corporal punishment and alternative discipline methods
Despite the adverse effects of physical punishment and its human rights implications for children, the majority of Australians believe that physical punishment of children is necessary in some circumstances.  In December 2013, Prime Minister Tony Abbott indicated he was not in favour of a ban on corporal punishment, admitting he had chastised his children with “pretty gentle smacks”.  Queensland Premier Campbell Newman also sided with the PM, rejecting a ban, describing the issue as a “trivial”  one.
The GCall Futures Project has explored how Australia could bring an end to the physical punishment of children.  Their report identifies what parents’ intentions are when disciplining their children and concludes that there is evidence to suggest that non-physical discipline methods are more effective than, or at least as effective as, physical discipline at attaining parents’ objectives.  The GCall Futures Project, however, recognises that there will be no legislative change unless there is a cultural shift in the attitudes of Australian people.  In order to achieve this, educational programs raising awareness of alternative, positive discipline techniques as well as the effects of corporal punishment need to be introduced. The GCall Futures project emphasises that any campaign against physical punishment will have a greater chance of success if there is a focus on parents’ objectives when disciplining their children, along with realistic alternatives to physical discipline.